History and Geography

National curriculum - Geography Programme of Study


At Mallard Primary School, we aim for our Geography and History curriculum to be challenging and ambitious for all learners. We aim to foster a life-long love and understanding of people and places, both past and present, while providing a foundation of understanding that will make our children curious, active citizens of this country and the world.


Key Stage 1 – History and Geography

Our wider curriculum in Key Stage one is delivered through a theme that lasts 9 weeks. This theme covers History and Geography objectives from the National Curriculum. Our learning focuses on important people, places and events from the past and then their impact on today. In Geography, the children learn to use maps and atlases to locate cities, countries, mountain ranges, rivers, seas and oceans.  In History, the children use real life artefacts, photos, videos and educational visits to learn about important people and events. The children ask questions about the past and then use sources of evidence to find out the answers. 

Key Stage 1 themes include: 

Year 1:

Wonderful Woodland – Looking at what life in woodlands is like for animals as well as learning about famous people such as Robin Hood

Kings and Queens – Studying the lives of different British monarchs and focusing on the four countries of the United Kingdom

Up, up and away – Exploring how flight has changed and developed over the years and looking at how the climate differs across the world

Seaside – Looking at the geographical features of the coastline and how this is different to Doncaster as well as looking at the history of the seaside and how it has changed over time


Year 2:

Endangered animals – Learning about endangered animals around the world, how they have become endangered and what we can do to protect them

Devastation, Diaries and Design - Focusing on the historic event of the Great Fire of London and how it changed modern buildings

Explorers - Looking at explorers and travellers of the past and their impact on modern trade 

Inventors - Looking at famous inventors over time and the impact of inventions on our lives


Key Stage 2 – History and Geography 

Our wider curriculum in Key Stage 2 is delivered through a theme that lasts 9 weeks. This theme has either a History or Geography focus. Each year group has two Geography and two History led themes a year. The Geography themes focus on one human and one physical geography. In Geography, pupils develop their knowledge of people and places to understand the physical, social and economic forces which shape those places and the lifestyles of the people who live there. In History, the children use a range of sources of evidence to draw conclusions from the past. They focus on how studying the past has impacted on modern day life. 

The children focus on the acquisition of knowledge before applying this knowledge to further deepen their understanding. The children read around the theme and have opportunities for discussion, debate and short written tasks to assist in the knowledge transferring to long term memory. Lessons start with a short retrieval quiz on the knowledge from the previous lesson, supporting the children’s ability to retain the knowledge.

Key Stage 2 themes include: 

Year 3:

Mountains, Volcanoes and Earthquakes - Studying the physical geography and location of mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes 

Prehistoric Britain - Learning about life in the Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages

Rivers and Water - Learning about the water cycle and rivers around the world, including how they are physically formed as well as their impact on people and places

Ancient Greece - An in-depth study of Ancient Greece and its impact on today 


Year 4:

Romans - A study of life in Roman Britain 

Migration - Studying the human geography of migration in Europe and the wider world as well as the reasons for migration 

Anglo-Saxons, Scots and Vikings - A study of life in Anglo-Saxon and Viking times 

Natural resources - Studying the use of natural resources around the world and how their uses affect people and places


Year 5:

Slums - Looking at the biggest slums in world, the conditions and circumstances that led to the slums 

Benin Kingdom - A study of the early civilisation of the Benin Kingdom, their beliefs and practices

Energy and sustainability - Looking at energy sources and their sustainability and impact on the world

Medieval Monarchs - Looking at the monarchs and how they changed history 


Year 6:

Democracy and Civil Rights - Focusing on key people and events in the fight for a democratic world 

Biomes - Studying the location, similarities and differences of the different biomes of the world

Industrial Revolution - Studying the impact of the industrial revolution on life today 

Population - Looking at variations in population and what impacts the population of an area, city or country